What Is Indirect or Secondary Trauma?

INDIRECT TRAUMA is any set of negative changes in a professional’s behavior, feelings, and/or cognitive views as a consequence of empathetic involvement and listening to the tales of others who have been through trauma.

Similarly, Which of the following is an example of indirect trauma?

For example, if a kid is robbed at knifepoint on his way home from school one day and retells the tale the following day in class, friends may be subjected to indirect trauma. Watching the news might also cause indirect trauma.

Also, it is asked, What is primary and secondary trauma?

The terms primary and secondary trauma relate to the original traumatic event and the following breakdown in the survivor’s interaction with his social surroundings, and are used to identify which problem is at the forefront of the patient’s mind at any given moment.

Secondly, How do you identify secondary trauma?

Symptoms of Vicarious Trauma enduring sentiments of indignation, sorrow, and despair over the victimization of the patient being very emotionally invested with the patient feeling guilty as a spectator, embarrassment, and self-doubt becoming obsessed with patients’ ideas outside of the workplace

Also, Can you be indirectly traumatized?

Working with a large number of trauma survivors over time results in indirect trauma. Indirect trauma has indications and symptoms that are similar to those of direct trauma. Intrusive images and ideas, physiological arousal, avoidance, and anxiety are all possible side effects of treatment.

People also ask, What is the difference between direct and indirect trauma?

For the purposes of this research, direct exposure to trauma refers to any firsthand experience with trauma—for example, being involved in a fire—while indirect exposure to trauma refers to a secondhand contact, such as hearing of an attack.

Related Questions and Answers

What causes indirect trauma?

Witnessing a trauma or discovering that a family or close acquaintance was exposed to a trauma are examples of indirect traumas. Variables in trauma features, as well as individual differences, may influence the chance of developing PTSD.

What causes secondary trauma?

Secondary Traumatic Stress: What Causes It? Assault against the person. Child maltreatment or neglect. Accident with a car. Natural disaster (e.g., flood, hurricane, tornado)

Is secondary trauma the same as PTSD?

The distinction between STS and PTSD is that STS develops as a result of indirect exposure to hazardous events (e.g., hearing patients’ experiences, giving terrible news to patients, watching others’ powerful emotions), while PTSD develops as a result of a perceived direct threat to a person.

What is secondary trauma in nursing?

Secondary traumatic stress (STS) is an occupational danger for those who offer direct patient care, among other things. STS is described by Figley (1995) as “the natural consequences of learning about a traumatic incident suffered by a significant person in terms of actions and feelings.”

What are the warning signs of secondary traumatic stress?

Fatigue or sickness, cynicism, impatience, diminished productivity, hopelessness, anger, despair, melancholy, emotions of re-experiencing the incident, nightmares, anxiety, avoidance of people or activities, or chronic anger and sadness are all symptoms of STS (Siegfried, 2008 & Conrad).

What is secondary trauma and what are the risk factors?

Family traumatic stress, failure to acknowledge one’s own experiences of secondary traumatic stress, and an unhealthy work culture were all risk factors for secondary traumatic stress.

What is the difference between secondary traumatic stress and burnout?

Burnout may occur as a consequence of working with any client group. While STS is a direct result of hearing emotionally distressing content from clients, burnout can occur as a result of working with any client group (Iliffe & Steed, 2000). Despite the fact that burnout and STS are defined differently, they have similar effects, symptoms, and themes.

What is insidious trauma?

Insidious Trauma is the fifth item on the list. Members of groups targeted by racism, heterosexism, ageism, ableism, sexism, and other types of oppression, as well as those touched by poverty, face everyday experiences of marginalization, objectification, dehumanization, intimidation, and so on.

What is complex trauma?

Complex trauma refers to a child’s exposure to a number of traumatic experiences, most of which are intrusive and interpersonal in character, as well as the wide-ranging, long-term consequences of such exposure. Abuse or severe neglect are examples of severe and widespread occurrences.

What are PTSD episodes called?

Flashbacks and Dissociation in PTSD Episodes This is particularly true in untreated PTSD when the following symptoms appear: Flashbacks are a terrifying and engrossing re-enactment of a terrible incident.

What are the 3 types of trauma?

Acute, chronic, and complex trauma are the three basic forms of trauma. A single occurrence causes acute trauma. Domestic violence or abuse are examples of chronic trauma since they occur repeatedly and for a long time. Exposure to a variety of traumatic situations, frequently of an intrusive, interpersonal type, is known as complex trauma.

What area of the brain is most active in a traumatic event?

The amygdala is a region in the brain that helps us process emotions. The amygdala also aids in the regulation of our fear responses and the formation of emotional memories. The amygdala becomes overactive as a result of traumatic stress. Our terror reactions grow more acute as a result of this.

Which of the following is a possible effect of trauma?

Persistent exhaustion, sleep difficulties, nightmares, dread of recurrence, anxiety centered on flashbacks, sadness, and avoidance of feelings, sensations, or activities that are remotely related with the trauma are all examples of delayed reactions to trauma. Exhibit 1.3-1 shows some typical responses.

Why is screening for trauma important?

Unrecognized and untreated trauma symptoms may result in low treatment participation, early termination, a higher chance of return of psychiatric problems or drug use, and poorer results. Misdiagnosis and improper treatment planning may also be avoided with screening.

Who coined the term vicarious traumatization?

McCann and Pearl are a guy and a woman.

How do you fix secondary trauma?

Preventing secondary traumatic stress: Incorporate these tips into your regular practice. Every day, eat properly and consistently. Each night, get enough sleep. Exercise on a regular basis. Be conscious of your stress levels and take efforts to avoid surpassing them.

Who is most at risk for secondary traumatic stress?

Recognizing Who is at Risk According to studies, between 6% and 26% of therapists dealing with traumatized populations, as well as up to 50% of child welfare professionals, are at high risk of secondary traumatic stress, PTSD, and vicarious trauma.

How do you treat secondary trauma?

Talk to individuals you trust about your emotions, such as loved ones, friends, and support groups, or seek help from a mental health professional. Make use of your imagination. Paint, cook, write in a diary, or work with wood. Make a strong case for yourself and keep track of your time. You should be proud of your accomplishments. Make a plan for coping.

What is the secondary traumatic stress scale?

The Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale (STSS) 21,22 is a 17-item scale used to assess intrusion, avoidance, and arousal symptoms related to indirect exposure to traumatic events via professional connections with traumatized clients.

What is secondary trauma in PTSD?

Secondary trauma, also known as secondary traumatic stress, occurs when you suffer symptoms of PTSD while assisting someone close to you who has experienced trauma.

What are secondary conditions to PTSD?

If you’ve been diagnosed with PTSD, there’s a good possibility you’re also dealing with secondary problems. Sleep apnea, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), hypertension, migraines, and erectile dysfunction are some of the problems that might develop as a result of PTSD.

Is trauma nursing stressful?

Trauma nurses in a Level I safety-net trauma facility are stressed and burnt out to a moderate degree. The level of emotional tiredness experienced by nurses varied depending on their job location, with surgical critical care unit nurses experiencing the most.

Can someone else’s trauma affect you?

Secondary traumatic stress is the effect of being influenced by someone else’s personal experience in an indirect way. It’s frequent among mental health workers, who hear horrible things from patients every day. Child protection personnel are also affected, since they are often exposed to children’s horrific experiences.

Why is it important to know the symptoms of secondary trauma?

First and foremost, it may serve as a vital check-in method for someone who has been feeling sad and unsatisfied but lacks the vocabulary to express their feelings. Second, creating a warning system helps you to keep track of your mental and physical exhaustion levels.

Are there any differences between secondary trauma and vicarious trauma for providers of care?

Vicarious trauma develops over time when the doctor is repeatedly exposed to their clients’ traumatic experiences, while clinicians who are subjected to secondary traumatic stress acquire PTSD symptoms as a result of subsequent exposure to the traumatic incident.


Indirect trauma is a type of trauma that causes physical and psychological harm. It can happen to people who are not directly involved in the event, but it is still very painful. The most common indirect trauma is sexual assault.

This Video Should Help:

Secondary trauma is caused by the physical, emotional, and mental effects of a traumatic event. It can be prevented by taking preventative measures such as “how to prevent secondary trauma.”

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