What Is Considered Eye Trauma?

If you’ve suffered an injury to your eye, you may be wondering what is considered eye trauma. Learn about the different types of eye trauma and how they are treated.

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Types of Eye Injuries

Eye trauma can be caused by a foreign body, a chemical splash, thermal burn, or ultraviolet light. Penetrating trauma occurs when a foreign body enters the eye, while non-penetrating trauma occurs when the eye is hit by a blunt object. Chemical injuries happen when chemicals splash in the eye, while thermal burns occur when the eye is exposed to extreme heat or cold. Ultraviolet light injuries occur when the eye is exposed to too much ultraviolet light, such as from the sun or tanning beds.

Foreign Objects

If a foreign object such as dirt, an eyelash, or a speck of dust gets into your eye, you may be able to simply rinse it out with plenty of cool water. If that doesn’t work, try using eye drops. But if the object is still stuck, don’t try to remove it with a sharp object. Doing so could scratch your eye.

Scratches

The outermost layer of your eye is covered with a thin film called the tear film. This film protects your eye from bacteria and other foreign objects. If this film is disrupted, it can lead to a condition called dry eye.

Dry eye can be caused by a number of things, including:

-A scratch on the cornea (the clear front surface of the eye)
-A foreign object in the eye
-Dirty or dusty conditions
-Prolonged contact lens wear
-Certain medications, such as antihistamines, decongestants, and diuretics
-Certain medical conditions, such as Sjögren’s syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis

Burns

Burns to the eye can be caused by many different sources, such as chemicals, caustic liquids, metal particles, welding arcs, and ultraviolet light. Severe burns may cause permanent damage to the eye and surrounding structures. To help prevent burns to the eye, wear proper eye protection when working with any type of harmful substance.

Symptoms of Eye Injuries

Eye injuries can be extremely painful and debilitating. Symptoms of eye trauma can include redness, swelling, bruising, and vision problems. If you have sustained an eye injury, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.

Pain

One of the most common symptoms of an eye injury is pain. This can range from a mild, dull ache to a sharp, severe pain. If you experience any pain in or around your eye, it’s important to seek medical attention immediately.

Other symptoms of an eye injury can include:

-Redness in the eye
-Swelling around the eye
-Tearing
-Blurry vision
– occasianal headaches

Blurry Vision

One of the most common symptoms of an eye injury is blurry vision. This can be a result of many different things, including dirt or debris in the eye, a change in the shape of the eye, or damage to the eye itself. If you have any pain or discomfort along with your blurry vision, it is important to see an eye doctor as soon as possible.

Sensitivity to Light

Eye trauma can cause a change in your eyes’ sensitivity to light. This may include discomfort or pain when exposed to bright light, as well as an increased sensitivity to glare. You may also experience problems with night vision.

Watery Eyes

One common symptom of eye injuries is watery eyes. This is often the body’s response to any type of foreign object in the eye, such as dirt, dust, or a small particle of glass. The eyes may also water if there is something irritating them, such as smoke or a strong smell. If the eyes are watering excessively, it could be a sign of a more serious problem and you should seek medical attention immediately.

First Aid for Eye Injuries

One of the most common eye injuries is a corneal abrasion, which is a scratch on the surface of the eye. This can happen if you get something in your eye, rub your eye too hard, or if you are hit in the eye. A corneal abrasion is usually not serious and will heal on its own within a few days. However, if the abrasion is deep or if there is something embedded in the eye, you will need to see a doctor.

Rinse the Eye

Tilt your head back and to the side. Using a clean cup or glass, hold it close to your eye and gently pour water into the cup, over your eye. Normally, you would do this for 15 minutes.

If you wear soft contact lenses and the lens remains in your eye after you rinse it, try to remove it. If you can’t remove it, don’t worry. The lens will probably come out on its own when your injury heals.

Apply a Cold Compress

If you have a minor eye injury, such as a scratched cornea or minor foreign object in the eye, applying a cold compress can help.

To make a cold compress, put a clean cloth in cold water and squeeze out the excess. Apply the cloth to your eye for 15 minutes. Repeat this process as needed.

Seek Medical Attention

If you have an eye injury, it’s important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Even if the injury seems minor, it could lead to serious problems.

Some eye injuries require emergency care. For example, if you have a chemical splash in your eye, you should immediately rinse your eye with water for at least 20 minutes and then go to the emergency room.

In other cases, you may not need emergency care but should still see a doctor within 24 hours. For example, if you get something in your eye that you can’t remove, you should see an ophthalmologist or another medical doctor who specializes in eyes.

Be sure to tell your doctor how the injury happened and whether you have any pain or changes in your vision.

When to Seek Medical Attention

Eye trauma is any injury to your eye or surrounding tissue. It can range from a minor scrape on your cornea to a severe blow to your head that damages your eye socket. Most eye trauma can be treated at home with over-the-counter medicines and home care. However, some types of eye trauma require immediate medical attention.

If the Object Is Still in the Eye

If the object is still in the eye, do not try to remove it. You could cause more damage. Seek medical attention immediately.

If the Injury Is Serious

If the injury is serious, you should seek medical attention immediately. A serious injury could involve:
-A foreign object lodged in the eye
-A chemical burn
-Severe pain
-Loss of vision
-Bleeding from the eye

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